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Debriefing Tools

Maximize learning by facilitating debriefs with interprofessional trainees after simulations and team activities.

Tools for Planning and Facilitating a Debrief

InCITE Clinical Debriefing Tool

The InCITE Clinical Debriefing Tool (pdf)  provides an outline for debriefing after interprofessional team activities.

Tools for Evaluating Debriefs

Debriefing Assessment for Simulation in Healthcare© (DASH)

DASH© was developed by the Center for Simulation in Healthcare. There are currently three versions of this tool: One designed for trained raters; one designed for students to rate their instructors; one designed for instructors to rate themselves. The information and links to all DASH© forms are provided by the Center for Simulation in Healthcare (https://harvardmedsim.org/).

DASH© Tools

DASH–Rater Version (.pdf) is a highly reliable instrument designed for use by trained raters. The Center for Simulation in Healthcare offers a webinar-based DASH© Rater Training Workshop several times per year. People who want to become trained DASH© Raters should be experienced debriefers. DASH–Student Version is designed for students to rate their instructors on the quality of a debriefing. There are two forms available for the DASH-SV:

 

DASH–SV Long Form (.pdf) asks students to rate instructors on the six DASH© Elements and the Behaviors associated with each Element. There are a total of 23 Behaviors associated with the Elements. The DASH©-SV Long Form takes about 5-7 minutes to complete and provides significant diagnostic information to the instructor.

DASH–SV Short Form (.pdf) asks students to rate instructors on the six DASH Elements. It can be answered in less than 3 minutes but is not as diagnostic as the longer student form.

DASH–Instructor Version is designed to allow an instructor to self assess. There are two forms available for the DASH-IV:

DASH–IV Long Form (.pdf) asks instructors to rate the six DASH Elements and the Behaviors associated with each Element. There are a total of 23 Behaviors associated with the 6 Elements. The DASH-IV Long Form takes about 5-7 minutes to complete and provides significant diagnostic information to the instructor.

DASH–IV Short Form (.pdf) asks instructors to rate on the six DASH Elements. It can be answered in less than 3 minutes but is not as diagnostic as the longer instructor form.

DASH Rater’s Handbook (.pdf) provides instructions and example instructor behaviors to assist in rating. In order to accurately assess and score the feedback conversation, the DASH Rater’s Handbook and DASH–Rater Version must be used concomitantly.

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank the Center for Medical Simulation for sharing their Debriefing Assessment for Simulation in Healthcare© tools. The information about DASH© and links to all DASH© tools are from their website at  https://harvardmedsim.org/. For information about citing their tools, please visit https://harvardmedsim.org/debriefing-assesment-simulation-healthcare.php. The InCITE Clinical Debriefing Tool was developed by Sharon Wilson, RN, MSN, FNP with support from the Interprofessional Collaboration for Integrative Technologies in Education (InCITE) grant sponsored by Health Resources and Services Agency (HRSA).